On 15th century, the Portuguese were explored the new route, and start their colonial expansion. On 16th to 19th century, Portugal has a colonial rule to Brazil almost reach more than 300 years. The colonial rule of Portugal has had a profound impact on Brazil's economy, politics, society and culture. The single production rule and large scale land ownership have restricted the economy of modern Brazil. Due to the independence movement is limitation, and developing the commodity economy is relying on the primary product to export to other countries, so that facilitating the unusual flourish. Brazil, who calls “The Coffee Kingdom”, enjoying the achievement from the fast increasing coffee economy, on the other hand, it is still suffering the pain from the coffee economy.
one way valve discuss with you about coffee grower adopts ancient extensive slash and burn methods to predatory reclaim the land. In order to expand the scale of coffee plantations and they continually to cut down forests, once there is a piece of land exposed to weakness, the grower will give up this land, and found the new rainforest, razed to the ground for coffee planting. In the 1930s, coffee has occupied about 43.8% of Brazil's total exports. At this moment, Brazil has become the world's largest producer of coffee producer. In the most prosperous period of the Paraiba Valley, Rio de Janeiro has controlled 88% of Brazilian coffee exports.
By the 1870s, there is none of new land was available for reclamation in Rio de Janeiro. Then, the coffee economy extend to the western and northern, Sao Paulo has become another coffee planting center, in 1906, Brazilian coffee production jumped to 22 million bags. In 1908, coffee has occupied about 53% of Brazil's total exports, monopoly the export economy half of Brazil.